Sustainable Prosperity, together with Greenchip Financial, used a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model to examine how the impacts of climate change on agricultural productivity and water use might change consumer spending patterns.
This is the third annual update of the Bonds and Climate Change report and its Canadian supplement. Since the first report in 2012, the climate bonds landscape in both Canada and the world has changed dramatically.
Natural Capital Accounting refers to the practice of accounting for natural capital use, degradation and/or improvement caused by a company’s activities, and integrating that valuation into corporate decision-making processes.
Biodiversity – most simply defined as the diversity of life on Earth – contributes to human wellbeing in a number of ways. This policy brief examines the role of biodiversity offsets in achieving conservation goals, and sets forth a 10 point research agenda, based on the February 2014 conference Biodiversity Offsets in Canada: Getting it Right, Making a Difference.
This paper suggests a framework to evaluate conservation offset programs, and suggests lessons learned from existing programs.
These two academic research papers look at how market-based instruments could have a significant impact in creating long term sustainable change in transportation, including detailed case studies from London, Paris and New York City.
Transportation - the movement of goods and people from one location to another - is responsible for about one quarter of Canada’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This policy brief draws on the experiences of London, Paris and New York City, who each used multiple policies in tandem to create behavioural change and reduce greenhouse gases.
This working paper surveys the literature available about the costs associated with pollution in Canada, and arrives at preliminary figures for loss of asset values, loss of income and other sources of wellbeing, and out-of-pocket expenses.
This report aims to improve understanding of the political and economic factors that have led to the adoption of a linked cap-and-trade system in California and Québec.
This Issue Summary examines the mutual economic benefits that can be gained from the adoption of linked systems between distinct jurisdictions.